Prelims Level
Mains Level

GS 2: IR | Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Why in news?

  • India and China held the ninth Annual Defence and Security Dialogue here after a one-year gap due to the Doklam standoff, as both countries agreed to enhance military exchanges and interactions.
  • The meeting held in Beijing was co-chaired by Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra and Deputy Chief of Joint Staff Department of Central Military Commission Shao Yuanminga.
  • At the 9th edition of the dialogue two countries agreed for increasing defence exchanges and interactions at different levels between the two militaries.
  • The defence dialogue was held ahead of 21st round of border talks between the special representatives of the two countries in Chinese city of Dujiangyan on November 23-24, 2018.

Outcomes of the Dialogue:

  • Both India and china agreed to enhance exchanges and interactions through reciprocal high-level visits between two ministries of defence as well as between commands, joint training exercises, mutual visits by defence personnel including mid-level and cadet officers were also agreed upon.
  • They also reiterated importance of maintaining peace and tranquillity in border areas, implementing (Wuhan) consensus reached between PM Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping and specific additional confidence-building measures at the operational level.
  • They underlined importance of this dialogue as important mechanism between two countries for consultations on defence and security matters.
  • They emphasised need to further strengthen military-to-military ties in order to strengthen political and strategic mutual trust between the two countries.
  • Both sides also had an exchange of views on regional and global issues. Both sides agreed to hold the next round of the dialogue at mutually convenient time in India in 2019.
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