Why in News?
- The COP-24 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will be held at Katowice, Poland from 2nd December 2018 to 14th December 2018.
- COP-24 is very significant as it is expected to finalise guidelines for implementation of the Paris Agreement adopted in 2016.
- India strongly supports the objective of the Paris Agreement to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change.
- India is committed towards keeping the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
- India considers it important from the point of view of eradicating poverty and caring for the poor and the marginalized.
- The issue of pre-2020 commitments under Kyoto Protocol of developed countries to fulfill their climate finance commitments of mobilizing USD 100 billion per annum by 2020, will remain a priority for India in COP-24.
Conference of Parties (COP):
- COP is the supreme decision-making body of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
- All States that are Parties to UNFCCC are represented at COP. At COP, all parties review implementation of Convention and take decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of Convention.
Responsibility for Developed Countries :
- These implementation gaps will present an additional burden to developing countries in the post-2020 period.
- Therefore, the key concern for India is to ensure that no undue burden is shifted onto developing countries in the post-2020 period.
- India is of the view that enhanced provision of new, adequate and predictable finance, technology development and transfer, as well as capacity-building support, is key enablers to achieve higher ambition in their climate actions.
- Therefore, PAWP must have mechanisms to ensure new, adequate and predictable support for developing country parties.