Prelims Level
Mains Level

Why in News?

  • The COP-24 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) will be held at Katowice, Poland from 2nd December 2018 to 14th December 2018.
  • COP-24 is very significant as it is expected to finalise guidelines for implementation of the Paris Agreement adopted in 2016.

India-COP24:

  • India strongly supports the objective of the Paris Agreement to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change.
  • India is committed towards keeping the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • India considers it important from the point of view of eradicating poverty and caring for the poor and the marginalized.
  • The issue of pre-2020 commitments under Kyoto Protocol of developed countries to fulfill their climate finance commitments of mobilizing USD 100 billion per annum by 2020, will remain a priority for India in COP-24.

Conference of Parties (COP):

  • COP is the supreme decision-making body of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  • All States that are Parties to UNFCCC are represented at COP. ‎At COP, all parties review implementation of Convention and take decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of Convention.

Responsibility for Developed Countries :

  • These implementation gaps will present an additional burden to developing countries in the post-2020 period.
  • Therefore, the key concern for India is to ensure that no undue burden is shifted onto developing countries in the post-2020 period.
  • India is of the view that enhanced provision of new, adequate and predictable finance, technology development and transfer, as well as capacity-building support, is key enablers to achieve higher ambition in their climate actions.
  • Therefore, PAWP must have mechanisms to ensure new, adequate and predictable support for developing country parties.
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