Why in News?
- The Union Minister for Agriculture took a review meeting of the Department of Agricultural Research & Education (DARE) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
Department of Agricultural Research & Education (DARE):
- It was established in the Ministry of Agriculture in December, 1973.
- It coordinates agricultural research & education in the country.
- It is the nodal agency for International Cooperation in the area of agricultural research and education in India.
- It has the following four autonomous bodies under its Administrative Control:
- 1.Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
- 2.Central Agricultural University (CAU), Imphal
- 3.Dr.Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar
- 4.Rani Laxmi Bai Central Agricultural University, Jhansi, UP
The Major Functions of DARE:
- To look after all aspects of the agricultural research and Education involving coordination between the central and state agencies.
- To attend all matters relating to Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
- To attend all matters concerning the development of new technology in agriculture, Horticulture, Natural Resources Management, Animal Science and Marketing and Fisheries.
- International co-operation in the field of agricultural research and education
- Fundamental, applied and operational research and higher education including coordination of Such Research.
Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan:
- It was launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and farmers’ welfare in June 2018 to assist and advice farmers on how to improve their farming techniques and raise Their Incomes.
- It is undertaken in 25 Villages with more than 1000 population each in Aspirational Districts identified in consultation with Ministry of Rural Development as per directions of NITI Ayog.
- In districts where number of villages (with more than 1000 population) is less than 25, all villages will be covered.
3 Phases of KVKs:
- So far two phases of Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan have been completed in which 11.05 lakh farmers were trained by KVKs.
- In the third phase of KKA training of about 17 lakh farmers on diversified farming practices for doubling farmers’ income is planned