Prelims Level
Mains Level
Prelims Syllabus : GHI - Performance of India and other countries. Mains Syllabus : GHI- findings on India, concerns and challenges,

Why in News?

  • The Global Hunger Index report 2018 released annually by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide.

Component indicators of GHI:

  • Undernourishment: the share of the population which is undernourished and reflects insufficient caloric intake.
  • Child wasting: The share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weightfor-height), reflecting acute undernutrition.
  • Child Stunting: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low heightfor-age), reflecting chronic undernutrition.
  • Child mortality: the mortality rate of children under the age of five.

Dimensions of hunger:

  • The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger-
    • Insufficient caloric intake
    • Child under nutrition
    • Child mortality

Performance of India:

  • India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2018, with hunger levels in the country categorized as “serious”.
  • At least one in five Indian children under the age of five is wasted.
  • India’s ranking has dropped three places from last year
  • The percentage of undernourished people in the population has dropped from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018. The child mortality rate has halved from 9.2% to 4.3%.
  • The child stunting has dropped from 54.2% to 38.4% over the same period
  • The only country with a higher prevalence of child wasting is the war-torn nation of South Sudan.

Concerns:

  • Hunger and forced migration world wide
  • The Index projects that at the current rate of progress, 50 countries will fail to reach the “low” hunger category by 2030.
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