Prelims Syllabus : GHI - Performance of India and other countries. Mains Syllabus : GHI- findings on India, concerns and challenges,
Why in News?
- The Global Hunger Index report 2018 released annually by Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide.
Component indicators of GHI:
- Undernourishment: the share of the population which is undernourished and reflects insufficient caloric intake.
- Child wasting: The share of children under the age of five who are wasted (low weightfor-height), reflecting acute undernutrition.
- Child Stunting: the share of children under the age of five who are stunted (low heightfor-age), reflecting chronic undernutrition.
- Child mortality: the mortality rate of children under the age of five.
Dimensions of hunger:
- The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger-
- Insufficient caloric intake
- Child under nutrition
- Child mortality
Performance of India:
- India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries in the Global Hunger Index 2018, with hunger levels in the country categorized as “serious”.
- At least one in five Indian children under the age of five is wasted.
- India’s ranking has dropped three places from last year
- The percentage of undernourished people in the population has dropped from 18.2% in 2000 to 14.8% in 2018. The child mortality rate has halved from 9.2% to 4.3%.
- The child stunting has dropped from 54.2% to 38.4% over the same period
- The only country with a higher prevalence of child wasting is the war-torn nation of South Sudan.
- Hunger and forced migration world wide
- The Index projects that at the current rate of progress, 50 countries will fail to reach the “low” hunger category by 2030.