Prelims Level
Mains Level
Prelims Syllabus : Cyclone-30 and various Isotopes to be produced by it. Mains Syllabus : Use of indigenous technology for the treatment of Cancer.

Why in News?

  • Cyclone-30 equipment used for generating radio-isotopes became operational at a VECC, Kolkata, a Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) unit.
  • Cyclone-30 commissioning re-emphasises the capability of Indian scientists and engineers to deliver at the highest level of science and technology.

Cyclone-30:

  • Cyclotrons are used to produce radioisotopes for diagnostic and therapeutic use for cancer care.
  • Radiations from these isotopes are used to destroy cancer cells.
  • Cyclone-30, the biggest cyclotron in India for medical application became operational this month when 30 MeV beam reached the Faraday Cup for the first time last week.

Isotopes to be produced:

  • Subsequently, beam from this facility was used to produce 18F (Fluorine-18 isotope) for the preparation of 18 Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), a radio-pharmaceutical.
  • Presently it produces liquid target (for FDG production) and solid targets (production of Germanium-68, Palladium-103 and other isotopes).
  • Later on installation of Iodine isotope [1-123] production target, material study target and Accelerator Driven System target will also be taken up.

Importance of the project:

  • This facility will provide for affordable radio isotopes and related radiopharmaceuticals for the entire country especially, for Eastern India.
  •  It will also have export potential for Germanium-68/Gallium-68 generator for in-situ production of Gallium-68 and Palladium-103 isotopes, used for breast cancer diagnosis and prostate cancer treatment, respectively.
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