Prelims Level
Mains Level
Prelims Syllabus : Particulars of the Ease of Doing Agri-Business Index Mains Syllabus : GS3: Agriculture | Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices

Why in news?

  • The Centre expects to roll out a new Ease of Doing Agri-Business Index early next year.

Highlights:

  • It will rank the States on the basis of such reforms, as well as their investment in agriculture, increased productivity, reduction of input costs, and risk mitigation measures.
  • The proposed index will focus on reforms, with marketing reforms (25%) and governance and land reforms (20%) carrying almost half of the weight of the parameters in its scoring system.
  • The Agri Ministry will consider rewarding the higher performing States both in absolute and incremental terms by linking the performance with allocation from flexi funds made available in various flagship.

Parameters:

  • The parameters are process-oriented, and are meant to evolve as and when new reforms or initiatives are proposed.
  • Another major parameter which States will be rated on is their success in reducing the cost of farm inputs (20%) by distributing soil health cards and encouraging organic farming and micro-irrigation.
  • Risk mitigation measures such as crop and livestock insurance carry a 15% weightage, while increased productivity and investment in agriculture carry a 10% weight each.
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