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Why in News?

  • Odisha’s KandhamalHaldi (Turmeric) will soon get a Geographical Indications (GI) tag.
  • It is a few steps away from receiving this tag.

Odisha’s KandhamalHaldi (Turmeric):

  • Its registration was moved by Kandhamal Apex Spices Association for Marketing and was accepted under sub-section (1) of Section 13 of Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
  •  KandhamalHaldi is famous for its healing properties.
  •  It is a main cash crop of the tribal people in Kandhamal.
  • Apart from domestic use, it is also used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes.

Geographical Indication (GI):

  • GI tag is a name or sign used on certain products which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin.
  •  It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods having a special quality and established reputation.
  • The purpose of GI tag enables stakeholders to authenticate their production while earning a premium and derive an improved livelihood.
  • The goods and products having such tag are recognised for their origin, quality and reputation and gives it the required edge in the global market.
  •  It also ensures that none can use their name, giving them exclusivity.
  • The registration of GI is valid for 10 years after which it needs to be renewed.
  •  Violation of GI tags is a punishable offence under law.
  • GI is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property.
  • At the international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
  • In India, GI tag Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999 governs it.
  • This Act is administered by Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also the Registrar of Geographical Indications and is based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
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