Prelims Level
Mains Level

Why in News?

  • The Union HRD Ministry has released the new CBSE Affiliation Bye-laws to ensure speed, transparency, hassle-free procedures and ease of doing business with the CBSE.

What is Bye-laws?

  • CBSE is a national level Board conducting examinations for Classes X and XII.
  • It affiliates schools across India and abroad upon fulfilment of various conditions as prescribed in its Affiliation Bye Laws.
  • The Affiliation Byelaws in position were first made in the year 1988 and were last modified in the year 2012.

What’s special with new Bye-laws?

  • The new byelaws denote a major shift from the highly complex procedures followed earlier, to a simplified system based on preventing duplication of processes.
  • There is duplication of processes at CBSE and state government level.
  • For issuing recognition under RTE Act and NOC, the state education administration verifies various certificates to be obtained from local bodies, revenue department, cooperatives department, etc.
  • The CBSE re-verifies them after applications are received. This is very long drawn process.
  • Therefore, to prevent this duplication, schools will now be required to submit only two documents at the time of applying for affiliation, instead of 12-14 documents being submitted earlier.
  • These documents will include a document vetted by the head of district education administration validating all aspects such as building safety, sanitation, land ownership, etc, and a self-affidavit where the school would certify its adherence to fee norms, infrastructure norms, etc.

Expected benefits:

  • As a result of this major change CBSE shall not revisit any of the aspects vetted by the state during inspection.
  • The delay due to scrutiny and non-compliance of deficiencies in these documents shall be drastically curtailed.

Other major benefits include:

    • Inspection of schools will now be outcome-based and more academic and quality Outcome based Inspection
    • The inspection will focus on academic excellence and progress of students over time, innovations and quality of pedagogy, capacity of teachers and teacher training etc.
  • This will not only help the Board and the school to track students’ progress over time, but will also identify areas that would need further efforts.
    • The inspection will focus on academic excellence and progress of students over time, innovations and quality of pedagogy, capacity of teachers and teacher training etc.
    • This will not only help the Board and the school to track students’ progress over time, but will also identify areas that would need further efforts.

    Provision of mandatory training

    • The new affiliation bye laws also lay thrust on achieving academic excellence through mandatory teacher training.
    • Even the Principals and Vice Principals of every school are expected to undergo two days mandatory training on an annual basis.

    Focus on Innovation and Conservation

    • A special category of innovative schools has been added to include specialized schools which will implement innovative ideas in the fields of skill development, sports, arts, sciences, etc.
    • The byelaws encourage schools to promote environmental conservation through harnessing solar energy, rain water harvesting, greening of campus, recycling and segregation of waste, Swachhata on campus, etc.

    Ensures Transparency in Fee structures

    • Regarding fee, the provisions include full fee disclosure to be made and no hidden charges to be levied by schools in the garb of fees.
    • The byelaws clearly state that fee is to be charged as per the regulation of the government and fee revision shall be subject to laws, regulations and directions of the government.
    • Way Forward:
    • CBSE has 20783 schools affiliated to it in India and 25 other countries, with over 1.9 crore students in these schools, and more than 10 lakh teachers.
    • The revised bye laws will positively impact the existing and future schools by easing procedures and redirecting their focus towards improving the quality of education.
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