Prelims Level
Mains Level
  • Russia hosted afghan peace talks in Moscow with Taliban making the first public entry on international multilateral forum. India attended the meet at an unofficial level.

Current Scenario:

  • Taliban is now on the negotiating table, Taliban has merely reminded as a insurgency but now ot has got control of nearly two third of the Afghanistan.
  • After a long fought bitter war the Talibans has now entered the negotiation table perhaps the world powers have now recognized that there can be no peace in Afghanistan until Taliban is not in the negotiation.
  • There is constant supply of soldiers to Taliban and support from ISI.
  • The present government of Afghanistan has not recognised the negotiation and India in line with them have not sent any official but observers from MEA to the meet.

About Taliban:

  • The Taliban or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, are a SunniIslamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan currently waging war (an insurgency, or jihad) within that country. Since 2016, the Taliban’s leader is Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada.
  • From 1996 to 2001, the Taliban held power over roughly three quarters of Afghanistan, and enforced there a strict interpretation of Sharia, or Islamic law. The Taliban emerged in 1994 as one of the prominent factions in the Afghan Civil Warand largely consisted of students (talib) from the Pashtun areas of eastern and southern Afghanistan who had been educated in traditional Islamic schools, and fought during the Soviet–Afghan War.
  • Under the leadership of Mohammed Omar, the movement spread throughout most of Afghanistan, sequestering power from the Mujahideen The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistanwas established in 1996 and the Afghan capital was transferred to Kandahar.
  • It held control of most of the country until being overthrown after the American-led invasion of Afghanistanin December 2001 following the September 11 attacks.
  • At its peak, formal diplomatic recognitionof the Taliban’s government was acknowledged by only three nations: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The group later regrouped as insurgency movement to fight the American-backed Karzai administration and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force(ISAF) in the War in Afghanistan.
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