Why in News?
- The ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ initiative aims to remove this heterogeneity through a mass movement to quickly and effectively transform these districts.
- It aims to quickly and effectively transform some of India’s most underdeveloped districts.
- It will identify areas of immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.
- The broad ideas of the programme include –
- Convergence of central and state schemes
- Collaboration of central, state level ‘prabhari’ (in-charge) officers and district collectors
- Competition among districts
- The states are the main drivers in the programme.
- Deliberately, the districts have been described as aspirational rather than backward
- The motive is to view them as areas of opportunity and hope rather than of distress and hopelessness.
- The 115 districts were chosen by senior officials of the Union government.
- This was in consultation with State officials on the basis of a composite index.
- The parameters included are –
- Deprivation enumerated under Socio-Economic Caste Census
- Key health and education performance indicators
- State of basic infrastructure
- NITI Aayog in partnership with the government of Andhra Pradesh has created a dashboard.
- Monitoring the real-time progress of the districts.
- District collectors of all the aspirational districts can input the latest available data of their respective district
- The dashboard will also be open to the public
Significance of ADP:
- This is the first time India’s most backward districts are being focussed.
- ADP is a better vision of how public services are best delivered to those who need them the most. Achieving success in this programme necessitates the contribution of all 3 tiers of government. ADP takes the principle of competitive federalism down to district administrations.
- This will bring new ideas and fresh energy from non-government institutions, to join the “official” efforts. With real time data in ADP, those on the ground level can alter strategies after accurate feedback.
- The ADP reorients how government does its business of delivering development.
- Each district has a prabhari (in-charge) officer:
- Assigned from the Centre (of additional secretary or joint secretary rank)
- Assigned from the State (of the rank of Secretary to State government)