Prelims Level
Mains Level

Why in News?

  • The ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ initiative aims to remove this heterogeneity through a mass movement to quickly and effectively transform these districts.

Highlights:

  • It aims to quickly and effectively transform some of India’s most underdeveloped districts.
  • It will identify areas of immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.
  • The broad ideas of the programme include –
    • Convergence of central and state schemes
    • Collaboration of central, state level ‘prabhari’ (in-charge) officers and district collectors
    • Competition among districts
    • The states are the main drivers in the programme.
    • Deliberately, the districts have been described as aspirational rather than backward
  • The motive is to view them as areas of opportunity and hope rather than of distress and hopelessness.

 

Districts selection:

  • The 115 districts were chosen by senior officials of the Union government.
  • This was in consultation with State officials on the basis of a composite index.
  • The parameters included are –
  • Deprivation enumerated under Socio-Economic Caste Census
  • Key health and education performance indicators
  • State of basic infrastructure

Progress monitoring:

  • NITI Aayog in partnership with the government of Andhra Pradesh has created a dashboard.
  • Monitoring the real-time progress of the districts.
  • District collectors of all the aspirational districts can input the latest available data of their respective district
  • The dashboard will also be open to the public

Significance of ADP:

  • This is the first time India’s most backward districts are being focussed.
  • ADP is a better vision of how public services are best delivered to those who need them the most. Achieving success in this programme necessitates the contribution of all 3 tiers of government. ADP takes the principle of competitive federalism down to district administrations.
  • This will bring new ideas and fresh energy from non-government institutions, to join the “official” efforts. With real time data in ADP, those on the ground level can alter strategies after accurate feedback.
  • The ADP reorients how government does its business of delivering development.

 

Prabhari Officer:

  • Each district has a prabhari (in-charge) officer:
    •   Assigned from the Centre (of additional secretary or joint secretary rank)
    •   Assigned from the State (of the rank of Secretary to State government)
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