Prelims level : International, science and technology Mains level : GS 3 Internal security
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  • Twelve days after the Pulwama attack, the Indian Air Force bombed the Jaish-e- Mohammad’s “biggest” terror training camp in Pakistan’s Balakot early.
  • The operation was carried out by 12 Mirage-2000 fighter jets, which unleashed five one- tonne bombs on the camp, based 70 km inside the Line of Control (LoC), in the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakthunkhwa.

Details of the attack:

  • Senior officials citing intelligence inputs said the JeM facility was particularly crowded with 200-325 militants as many had abandoned launch pads and training camps closer to the LoC after the Pulwama attack in the expectation that India would not target Balakot.
  • The aerial attack on a target inside Pakistani territory
  • marks a major shift in India’s counter-terror responses,
  • which have thus far been restricted to ground operations across the LoC in Pakistan- occupied Kashmir.
  • Announcing the strikes, the government said it was a “non-military, pre-emptive” counter- terror operation against imminent threats from the JeM.

Pm-kisan (PM Kisan nidhi Yojana)

  • PM-KISAN is aimed at boosting rural consumption and helping poor farmers recover from distress. PM Kisan nidhi Yojana is for small and marginal farmers for helping in financial condition for purchase of seed, fertilizers etc.
  • PM Narender Modi inaugurated the scheme on 24 Feb 2019 under which Modi Ji transferred first installment money of Rs 2000 to few farmers directly via wire to their respective bank accounts.
  • Total of Rs 6000 amount is to be distributed to farmer in 3 session. The government of India under the leader ship of PM Modi announced about this scheme in Budget 2019-20.

NYAY (Nyuntam Aay Yojana (NYAY) scheme):

  • The Nyay scheme is targeted towards 5 crore families who are the poorest 20 per cent in India. Nyay scheme guarantees each family a cash transfer of R s. 72,000 a year and as far as possible the money will be transferred to a bank account of a woman in the family.
  • There will a design phase (3 months) followed by pilot and testing phases (6-9 months) before the rollout of the plan. The scheme will be implemented in phases and the estimated cost will be less than 1 per cent of the GDP in the first year, and less than 2 per cent of the GDP in the second year.
  • The Nyay scheme would be a joint scheme of the central and state governments.
  • Nyay scheme will be funded through new revenues and rationalisation of expenditure. Current merit subsidy schemes that are intended to achieve specific objectives will be continued.
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