Why in News?
- Connectivity issues are troubling people living in areas bordering china in the Ladakh region, which was discussed during the BADP meeting chaired by Union Home Minister.
- The Ladakh region, which has high significance from strategic considerations, remains cut-off for almost half of the year throughout the winter season from the rest of India.
Geographical features of Ladakh:
- Ladakh is the highest plateau of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir with much of it being over 3,000m.
- Ladakh (“land of high passes”) is a region that currently extends from the Kunlun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo Aryan and Tibetan descent.
Border Area Development Program:
- Connectivity is one of the major hinderance which limits the development prospectus in border areas.
- In order to improve infrastructure, Border area development program along with India-Pakistan border was initiated in 1987 during the seventh five year plan period.
- It is implemented by the department of border management, Ministry of Home affairs through state government.
- The objective was to meet the special development in socio-economic conditions of the people living in inaccessible and remote areas near the international border.
- The funds under BADP are provided to the States as a 100% non-lapsable Special Central Assistance.
Areas covered under BADP:
The programme has been expanded since to cover the border blocks of the 17 States (including 8 North Eastern States), which have international land borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh.
- Coverage of BADP has been extended to cover all the villages which are located within the 0-10 Km of the International Border
- The list of schemes permissible under BADP has been expanded to include schemes/ activities relating to Swatchhta Aabhiyan , Skill Development programmes, Promotion of sports activities in border areas , Promotion of Rural Tourism/ Border Tourism, Protection of heritage sites.
- Construction of helipads in remote and inaccessible hilly areas, which do not have road connectivity, Construction of toilets in schools, public places particularly for women; Skill development training to farmers for the use of modern/ scientific technique in farming, Organic farming, etc.
- Provision for Third Party Inspection and Quality Control Mechanism under MHA for random inspections of the BADP schemes.
- Warehouses for food grains and fodder in hilly areas particularly in snow bound areas of Jammu & Kashmir Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and, E-chaupals, Agri shops, mobile media vans etc. have been made.
- Special/Specific area schemes such as composite development of at least one village of sizeable population surrounded by five-six or more villages close to the border as Model Village.
Reason for the hinderance of the program:
- Difficult terrain
- Political interference
- Faulty implementation
- Poor planning and lack of coordination
- Fund diversion.