Prelims Level
Mains Level
Prelims Syllabus : Science & Technology Mains Syllabus : GS-III Science & Technology

Why in News?

  • Two BrahMos Surface-to-Surface missile tests were conducted at Trak Island in the Andaman Nicobar group of islands.
  • A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) or ground-to-ground missile (GGM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground or the sea and strike targets on land or at sea.
  • They may be fired from hand-held or vehicle-mounted devices, from fixed installations, or from a ship.


  • It is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land.
  • It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, Brahmaputra and Moskva of Russia.
  • It is the world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation.
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