CATEGORISATION OF FARMERS
GS 3: Agriculture | Land reforms in India
Why in News?
As per the results (provisional) of latest Agriculture Census 2015-16, the operational holdings are categorised in five size classes as follows:
The operational holdings are also classified in three social groups, viz., Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Others.
Measures to double the farmers’ income by 2022:
- To improve the condition of Small and Marginal farmers and to double the income of farmers by 2022, Government is realigning its interventions from production-centric approach to farmers’ income-centric initiatives, with focus on better and new technological solutions.
- These include implementation of schemes like, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY), Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Soil Health Card, Neem Coated Urea, Rainfed Area Development under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), National Agriculture Market scheme (e-NAM), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Mission on Oilseeds & Oilpalm (NMOOP), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH),Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology (NMAET) etc.
- In addition, farmers are provided information through Focused Publicity Campaigns, Kisan Call Centres (KCCs), Agri•-Clinics and Agri-Business Centres (ACABC) of entrepreneurs, Agri Fairs and exhibitions, Kisan SMS Portal.