Category: Daily Quiz


1. Consider the following statements regarding the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT):

  1. It is a quasi-judicial body constituted under the Section 410 of the Companies Act, 2013.
  2. The President, chairperson and Judicial Members of the Appellate Tribunal are appointed after consultation with the President of India.
  3. It can only hear and dispose appeals against any orders passed by the Competition Commission of India (CCI).

Which of the statement(s) given below is/are not correct?


2. Consider the following statements regarding Competition Commission of India:

  1. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) was established under the Competition Act, 2002 for the administration, implementation and enforcement of the Act, and was duly constituted in March 2009. 
  2. The Chairman and members are appointed by the central government.
  3. The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 (MRTP Act) was repealed and replaced by the Competition Act, 2002, on the recommendations of Raghavan committee.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


3. Which of the following countries are included in the Six Party Talks?

  1. US
  2. UK
  3. Russia 
  4. France
  5. Germany

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


4. 38th Parallel Line separates which of the following?



5. In context to the report “Falling Long-Term Growth Prospects: Trends, Expectations, and Policies”, consider the following.

  1. The report Falling Long-Term Growth Prospects: Trends, Expectations, and Policies (2020-2030) was released by International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  2. According to the report, India has lost growth momentum over the past two decades.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


6. In context to the Funds for Startups (FFS) Scheme, consider the following :

  1. The Ministry of Finance is the operating agency for FFS.
  2. It aims to make capital available for startups at an early stage only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


7. Consider the following with regard to Diabetes:

  1. Type 1 Diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes, and it occurs when the body fails to produce sufficient insulin.
  2. Type 2 diabetes can occur most often in middle-aged and older people.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


8. Consider the following statements with regard to the ‘Institute of Eminence’ tag: 

  1. In 2018, the Empowered Expert Committee (EEC) chaired by former Chief Election Commissioner, N. Gopalasamy recommended a list of institutions for the consideration of the IoE status.
  2. To get the status, the institutions should be among the top 100 in the National Institution Ranking Framework (NIRF) or top 500 in internationally recognised rankings.
  3. Private institutions are not eligible for this tag.

Choose the correct code:


9. Consider the following statements with respect to Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB): 

  1. It is a statutory organization constituted under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  2. It collects, compiles and publishes technical and statistical data relating to water and air pollution and the measures devised for their effective prevention, control or abatement.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


10. Under the National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP), which of the following air pollutants have been identified for regular monitoring at all the locations?

  1. Carbon Monoxide
  2. Oxides of Nitrogen
  3. Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)
  4. Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM / PM10)
  5. Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5)
  6. Ozone




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Odisha reports 542 forest fires in last 7 days, highest in India

Why in News?

  • Forest fires continued to remain unabated in Odisha after the state recorded 542 such cases in the last seven days making it the highest among all states in the country.

What is Wildfire?

  • Also called forest, bush or vegetation fire, can be described as any uncontrolled and non-prescribed combustion or burning of plants in a natural setting such as a forest, grassland, brush land or tundra, which consumes the natural fuels and spreads based on environmental conditions (e.g., wind, topography).
  • Wildfires can be incited by human actions, such as land clearing, extreme drought or in rare cases by lightning.
  • There are three conditions that need to be present in order for a wildfire to burn: fuel, oxygen, and a heat source.

Human-induced Climate Change:

  • Increases in greenhouse gases resulting from human activities have led to a net effect of warming of the climate system leading to direct impacts including increased air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice and rising global average sea level.
  • The increases in greenhouse gases can be attributed to fossil fuel use, land-use change, etc.

Types of a forest fire:

  • Surface fire: Spread along the surface litter (leaves, twigs, dry grasses) on the forest floor.
  • Ground fire: Fires in the subsurface organic fuels, such as duff layers under forest stands, burn underneath and are often ignited by surface fires.
  • Crown fire: A crown fire is one in which the crown of trees and shrubs burn, often sustained by a surface fire.

Factors causing Forestfire:

  • Climate change increases the frequency and severity of fire weather around the world.
  • Increased fire weather from climate change amplifies fire risk where fuels remain available.
  • Fire weather is a combination of conditions that set the stage for the rapid spread of wildfires.
  • High temperature
  • Low Relative humidity
  • Strong sustained winds (> 20 mph) carry oxygen and spread flames.
  • Poor land and forest management also contributes to the wildfires, however, it does not alone account for the recent increases in the extent and severity of the wildfires globally.
  • Factors Identified by the IPCC: The Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), published in 2013, identified a few factors that could influence the way wildfires play out. These include:
  • Global increase in average temperatures.
  • Global increases in the frequency, intensity and extent of heatwaves (breaching of historically extreme temperature thresholds).
  • Regional increases in the frequency, duration and intensity of droughts.


  • Forest fires have become an issue of global concern. In many countries, wildfires are burning larger areas, and fire seasons are growing longer due to global warming.
  • Australia previously battled its largest bushfire on record, while parts of the Arctic, the Amazon and central Asia have also experienced unusually severe fires.
  • Wildfires in Western USA (California) are another example.
  • Globally, forest fires release billions of tons of CO2 into the atmosphere, while hundreds of thousands of people are believed to die due to illnesses caused by exposure to smoke from forest fires and other landscape fires.