Centre bans JKLF under anti-terror law
23, Mar 2019
Prelims level : Internal Security Mains level : GS - II
- The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) banned separatist Yasin Malik’s Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) under the anti-terror law, Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA). The move comes days after the Centre banned Jamat-e-Islami (JeI-J&K) under Section 3(1) of the UAPA.
- The JKLF was also banned under the same section, which gives power to the Centre to declare any association as unlawful by notifying it in the Official Gazette.
What is UAPA?
- UAPA is anti-terrorist law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.
- Its main objective is to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against integrity and sovereignty of India.
- It bans certain terrorist associations, punishes membership and association with such organizations and punishes terrorist activities.
- The law been legislated to impose reasonable restrictions in interests of sovereignty and integrity of India on exercise of freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably without arms and to form associations.
- The Act came after the 16th CAA, 1963 which placed reasonable restrictions on [Ar.19(1)], [Ar.19(2)], [Ar.19(3)].
Crime under the Act:
- To support any secessionist movement
- To support a foreign power’s claim over Indian territories
- Threatening economic security of India
- Raising funds for terrorist activities (including the production and circulation of Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN)
- Member of unlawful associations or terrorist gang or terrorist organisation
- List of Banned Organizations in India is made under Section 35 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 – the period for which an association can be declared as unlawful is five years.
- The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 helps meet the commitments to the Financial Action Task Force.