Why in News?
- Recently, The Centre has decided to nominate the Charaideo Maidams in Assam for the UNESCO World Heritage Centre this year.
- There is currently no World Heritage Site in the category of cultural heritage in Northeast India.
- The nomination of the Charaideo Maidams has attained significance at a time when the country is celebrating the 400th birth anniversary of Lachit Borphukan.
- The Charaideo Maidams, represents the late medieval (13th-19th century CE) mound burial tradition of the Tai Ahom community in Assam.
- It enshrines the mortal remains of the members of the Ahom royalty, who used to be buried with their paraphernalia.
- After the 18th century, the Ahom rulers adopted the Hindu method of cremation and began entombing the cremated bones and ashes in a Maidam at Charaideo.
- Out of 386 Maidams or Moidams explored so far, 90 royal burials at Charaideo are the best preserved, representative of and the most complete examples of mound burial tradition of the Ahoms.
- Established in 1228 in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam, the Ahom kingdom retained its sovereignty for 600 years.
- The kingdom was founded by Chaolung Sukapha, a 13th century ruler.
- The Ahoms ruled the land till the province was annexed to British India in 1826 with the signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo.
- The full contingent of the Ahom Army consisted of infantry, navy, artillery, elephantry, cavalry and spies.
- The main war weapons consisted of bows and arrows, swords, Javelins discus, guns, match-locks and cannons.
- The Ahom soldiers were experts in guerilla fighting. They also learnt the technique of constructing boat bridges in the Brahmaputra.