GS 3: IR – Events

Why in news?

The executive secretary of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) has offered India an ‘Observer’ status and access to state-of-art International Monitoring System (IMS) data.


  • The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is the Treaty banning all nuclear explosions – everywhere, by everyone.
  • The Treaty was negotiated at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It opened for signature on 24 September 1996.
  • It curbs the development of new nuclear weapons and the improvement of existing nuclear weapon designs. When the Treaty enters into force it provides a legally binding norm against nuclear testing.
  • The Treaty also helps prevent human suffering and environmental damages caused by nuclear testing.

India and the CTBT:

  • India can benefit immensely from becoming a CTBT Observer as the organisation setting has changed a lot over the years.
  • India will have access to the data available which was traditionally not made available.
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