1. Consider the following statements:

  1. India moved from process patenting to product patenting in the 1970s, which enabled India to become a significant producer of generic drugs at global scale.
  2. Due to obligations arising out of the TRIPS Agreement, India had to amend the Patents Act in 2005, and switch to a product patents regime across the pharma, chemicals, and biotech sectors.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


2. Consider the following statements:

  1. OROP means the same pension, for the same rank, for the same length of service, irrespective of the date of retirement.
  2. The concept was provoked by the then decision by Indira Gandhi-led government, in 1973, two years after the historic victory in the 1971 Bangladesh war.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Article 25(1) of the Constitution guarantees the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion. 
  2. It is a right that guarantees negative liberty which means that the state shall ensure that there is no interference or obstacle to exercising this freedom.
  3. Like all fundamental rights, the state can restrict the right for grounds of public order, decency, morality, health and other state interests.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Article 26 gives Right to Religious Institutions subject to public order, morality and other Fundamental Rights.
  2. Religious Institutions have Fundamental Right to own and acquire movable and immovable property.
  3. Article 27 lays down that no person shall be compelled to pay any taxes for the promotion of any particular religion.
  4. Religious Institutions recognised by the State are prohibited for religious instructions.

Which of the above statements given above are correct?


5. Consider the following, with regard to ‘Make in India’ initiative?

  1. To attract foreign direct investment
  2. To increase the share of manufacturing sector in GDP
  3. To promote export-led growth.

Which of the above statements is/are correct


6. In context to Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas (PBD), consider the following:

  1. It is celebrated to resonate the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa.
  2. It is celebrated annually since 2003.
  3. The theme for the year 2023 is “Diaspora: Reliable partners for India’s progress in Amrit Kaal”.
  4. It is the highest honour conferred only to Non-Resident Indian (NRI).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


7. Consider the following:

  1. At the Union level, the Ministry of Rural Development implements the Aspirational District Programme (ADP).
  2. A major loophole in the ranking of Aspirational Districts is that it does not include Financial Inclusion & Skill Development as one of the key parameters.
  3. The Aspirational Blocks Programme announced in Union Budget 2022-23 is a sub-scheme of the ADP.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


8. Which of the following statements regarding Indian Diaspora are correct? 

  1. Only Persons of Indian Origin and Overseas Citizens of India are a part of our Diaspora.
  2. Matters related to Indian Diaspora are managed by the Ministry of External Affairs.

9. Consider the following statements regarding Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR): 

  1. It refers to the resistance developed by the human body against microbial infections.
  2. WHO urges for the adoption of One Health Approach to deal with AMR.
  3. India has developed a National Action Plan regarding AMR.

10. What do you understand by M-sand? 



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