1. Consider the following statements regarding Forests in India:

  1. Reserve forests are the most restricted forests and are constituted by the State Government on any forest land or wasteland which is the property of the Government.
  2. The Union Government is empowered to constitute any land other than reserved forests as protected forests over which the Government has proprietary rights and the power to issue rules regarding the use of such forests.
  3. Village forests are the one in which the State Government may assign to ‘any village community the rights of Government to or over any land which has been constituted a reserved forest’.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


2. What are the constitutional provisions regarding the Environment Protection Act?

  1. Through the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 Forests and Protection of Wild Animals and Birds were transferred from Centre to Concurrent List along with Education, Weights & Measures and Administration of Justice.
  2. Article 48 A in the Directive Principles of State policy, mandates that the State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country.
  3. Article 51 A (g) of the Constitution states that it shall be the Fundamental Duty of every citizen to protect and improve the natural environment including forests and Wildlife.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:


3. With reference to the differences between the National Green Tribunal (NGT) and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), consider the following statements:

  1. The NGT has been established by an Act whereas the CPCB has been created by an executive order of the Government.
  2. The NGT provides environmental justice and helps reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts whereas the CPCB promotes cleanliness of streams and wells, and aims to improve the quality of air in the country.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?


4. In India mining is done near a river that lies inside a national park. Who among the following are responsible for issuing environmental clearance for the same?

  1. Ministry of Environment
  2. National Green Tribunal
  3. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
  4. State Environment Impact Assessment Authority

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


5. ‘Development working group’ is often seen in news in the context of:



6. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a standard criterion for: 



7. Consider the following statements with respect to the New India Literacy Programme:

  1. It aims to support the States and Union Territories in promoting literacy among non-literates in the age group of 18 and above.
  2. It is a Central Sector Scheme.
  3. Schools will be the unit for implementation of the scheme.

How many of the given statements is/are incorrect?


8. In context to the Public Distribution System (PDS), consider the following statements:

  1. It is operated by the central government only.
  2. It could lead to fluctuation in food prices due to interventions made by the government to allot poor people food grains lower than the market price.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


9. Consider the following:

  1. Lion-tailed Macaque is classified as Critically Endangered under the IUCN Red List.
  2. The lion-tailed macaque is endemic to the evergreen forests of the Western Ghats.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?


10. Consider the following with regard to‘National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)’:

  1. NSDC was set up to narrow the gap between the demand and supply of skills.
  2. The NSDC facilitates the development of ultra-low-cost, high-quality, innovative business models.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?


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