Discuss about the Malnourishment in India and discuss the significance of food fortification to tackle the issue of malnourishment.

Structure of answer:

  • Introduction ( About current scenario in country)
  • How does it affect population?
  • Why it become a public health emergency?
  • About food fortification its importance
  • Conclusion ( List the government’s efforts)

Key points:

  • How? Iron deficiency contributes to 20% of maternal deaths and is associated with nearly half of all maternal deaths in India.
  • Malnutrition extends to the children that women with anemia give birth to. They often have low birth weight, are pre-term, and suffer from poor development and lower mental abilities.
  • Lack of essential nutrients in the diet makes growing children weak and makes them under nourished etc.
  • Discuss why other missions to tackle malnutrition haven’t been able to succeed fully – National Food Security Act (NFSA), a free Mid-day Meal Scheme (MDM), National nutrition mission.
  • Despite India’s 50% increase in GDP since 1991, more than one third of the world’s malnourished children live in India.
  • Among these, half of the children under three years old are underweight and a third of wealthiest children are over-nutriented.
  • India’s malnutrition problem results not from calorie intake but from dependence on a carbohydrate based diet low in protein and fat.
  • Another factor triggeringmalnutrition is inadequate sanitation, which triggers an increase in infection-borne deficiencies in nutrients.
  • In India 44% of children under the age of 5 are underweight. 72% of infants and 52% of married women have anaemia.
  • Research has conclusively shown thatmalnutrition during pregnancy causes the child to have increased risk of future diseases, physical retardation, and reduced cognitive abilities.
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