Explain the Yemen’s woes, analysis the reason for it

Structure of answer:

  • Introduction (general info about Yemen issue)
  • Reason for cause.
  • Why it happened.
  • Way forward.

Key points:

  • The withdrawal of Houthi rebels from three of Yemen’s portsas part of the December 2018 ceasefire agreement should have been the basis for further talks to expand the truce to other parts of the country.
  • But while the withdrawal was under way last week, Houthis, who are reportedly getting support from Iran, carried out a drone attack on a Saudi pipeline, and in retaliation Riyadh launched airstrikes on Sanaa, the capital city controlled by the rebels, killing at least six civilians, including children.
  • Yemeni rebels have begun to withdraw from the port of Hodeidah, the country’s key aid lifeline, under an agreement reached in Sweden
  • The Houthis began “the first phase of redeployment from the Hodeidah port”, a rebel official told the Houthi-run Saba news agency.
  • The rebel withdrawal from the port, which is the point of entry for food aid to some 14 million Yemenis UN agencies say are on the brink of famine, is a key part of a ceasefire that went into effect on December 18.
  • Pro-government forces are also supposed to pull back from parts of the city they recaptured in an offensive they launched with the backing of a Saudi-led coalition on June 13.
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