GLOBAL GENDER GAP INDEX 2020
31, Dec 2019
Prelims level : International Institutions – Summits, Working, Organisations Mains level : GS-II Important International Institutions, Agencies and fora- their Structure, Mandate.
Why in News?
- Recently, India has been ranked 112thamong 153 countries in the Annual Global Gender Gap Index for 2020.
About Global Gender Gap Index:
- It benchmarks 153 countries on their progress towards gender parity in four dimensions:
- Economic Participation and Opportunity,
- Educational Attainment,
- Health and Survival and
- Political Empowerment
- Its aims to serve as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics.
- Its highest possible score is 1 (equality) and the lowest possible score is 0(Inequality).
Key Findings of the Report:
- Its Global Average (population-weighted) distance completed to gender parity is at 68.6%, which is an improvement since the last edition.
- It will take 99.5 years to achieve full parity between men and women at the current rate of change.
- Only 25% of the 35,127 seats in parliaments around the world are occupied by women, and only 21% of the 3,343 ministers are women.
- Iceland has been topped the Global Gender Gap Index for 11 years in a row. It is almost close to 88% of its gender gap, followed by Nordic neighbours Norway, Finland and Sweden.
- Yemen is ranked the worst (153rd), while Iraq is 152ndand Pakistan 151
Specific Findings about India:
- India has dropped to the 112thrank from its 108th rank in the last edition. India was ranked 98th place in 2006 Report.
- India has been ranked below countries like China (106th), Sri Lanka (102nd), Nepal (101st), Brazil (92nd), Indonesia (85th) and Bangladesh (50th).
- Performance of India in four Indicators:It has improved to 18th place on political empowerment but it has slipped to 150th on health and survival, to 149th in terms of economic participation and opportunity and to 112th place for educational attainment.
Economical finding of India:
- India is the only country where the economic gender gap (0.354) is larger than the political gender gap (0.411).
- India is among the countries with very low women representation on company boards (13.8%), while it was even worse in China (9.7%).
World Economic Forum:
- It is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.
- It was established in 1971 as a not-for-profit foundation and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It is independent, impartial and not tied to any special interests.