Prelims level : Environment Mains level : GS-III Technology, Economic Development, Environment
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Why in News:

  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) will have non-human beneficiaries — the rare golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) in a reserve forest in western Assam’s Bongaigaon district.


  • The district authorities launched a ₹27.24-lakh project under the MGNREGA to plant guava, mango, blackberry and other fruit trees to ensure that the resident golden langurs of the 17
  • Kakoijana Reserve Forest do not have to risk their lives to find food.
  • Several golden langurs have died due to electrocution and in road accidents while looking for food beyond the reserve forests.

Golden Langur:

  • Assam announced the success of the Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Program in the State.
  • Gee’s golden langur is a leaf-eating monkey found only in north-eastern India and Bhutan.
  • It is currently marked endangered in the IUCN list.
  • It inhabits evergreen and deciduous tropical forests.
  • Like most fruit eating primates, they play a vital role in forest repopulation i.e via seed dispersal, seed predation, and pollination.
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