HIV aids (prevention and control) Act, 2017

Prelims level : Particulars of the Act Mains level : Preventing discrimination against HIV/AIDS positive person
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Why in News?

  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued a notification for bringing the HIV AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 in force from 10th September, 2018.
  •  The Act safeguards the rights of people living with HIV and affected by HIV.

Provisions of the Act:

  • The provisions of the Act address HIV-related discrimination, strengthen the existing programme by bringing in legal accountability, and establish formal mechanisms for inquiring into complaints and redressing grievances.
  • The Act lists various grounds on which discrimination against HIV positive persons and those living with them is prohibited.
  • These include the denial, termination, discontinuation or unfair treatment with regard to:
    • Employment
    • Educational establishments
    • Health care services
    • Residing or renting property
    • Standing for public or private office
    • Provision of insurance
  • The requirement for HIV testing as a pre-requisite for obtaining employment or accessing health care or education is also prohibited.
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