IIT BOMBAY’S BACTERIA PREFERENTIALLY DEGRADE AROMATIC COMPOUNDS
07, Apr 2019
Prelims level : Science and Tech Mains level : GS - III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Why in News?
- A unique strain of bacterium isolated from soil contaminated with petroleum products, can selectively remove from the environment toxic, aromatic pollutants such as benzoate, benzyl alcohol and naphthalene, to name a few. What makes the bacterial strain (Pseudomonas putida CSV86) unique is its preference for
- aromatic compounds and organic acid as a food source even when glucose is available. The strain can degrade aromatics and organic acids simultaneously.
Uses of bacterial strain:
- The bacterial strain is a very good candidate for bioremediation or waste-water treatment. We can increase the metabolic diversity and capacity by genetically engineering the strain.