INDIA AMONG COUNTRIES WHERE WOMEN FACE MOST VIOLENCE BY PARTNER
28, May 2019
Prelims level : Institutional Reforms Mains level : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
Why in news:
- Global estimates published by the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that about 1 in 3 (35%) women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime.
- Worldwide as many as 38% of murders of women are committed by a male intimate partner.
- In India intimate partner violence is the highest at 37.7% in the WHO South-East Asia region. As per figures released by WHO, the violence ranges from 23.2% in high-income countries and 24.6% in the WHO Western Pacific region to 37% in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region.
- Violence against women particularly intimate partner violence and sexual violence is a major public health problem and a violation of women’s human rights. WHO together with UN Women and other partners has developed a framework for prevention of violence against women called Respect which can be used by governments to counter this menace.
- Healthcare professionals cautioned that violence can negatively affect a woman’s physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health, and may increase the risk of acquiring HIV.
- Global health organisation said that men are more likely to perpetrate violence if they have low education, a history of child maltreatment, exposure to domestic violence against their mothers, harmful use of alcohol, unequal gender norms, including attitudes accepting of violence, and a sense of entitlement over women.
- Women are more likely to experience intimate partner violence if they have low education, exposure to mothers being abused by a partner, abuse during childhood, and attitudes accepting violence, male privilege and women’s subordinate status.
- Warning that intimate partner violence causes serious short-and long-term problems for women and adversely affect their children besides leading to high social and economic costs for women, their families and societies.