Prelims level : Security Mains level : GS-III- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
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Why in News?

  • The 12th India Security Summit with the theme “Towards New National Cyber Security Strategy” was held on the 28th of August, 2019 in New Delhi.

Measures Taken to Counter Cyber Threats:

  • Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C): This scheme has been rolled out by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)for the period 2018-2020, to combat cybercrime in the country, in a coordinated and effective manner.
  • Cyber Swachhta Kendra: The “Cyber Swachhta Kendra” (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre) is a part of the Government of India’s Digital India initiative under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
    • It intends to create a secure cyberspace by detecting botnet infections in India and to notify, enable cleaning and securing systems of end users so as to prevent further infections.
    • It has been set up in accordance with the objectives of the National Cyber Security Policy, which envisages creating a secure cyber ecosystem in the country.
  • This centre is being operated by the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) under the provisions of Section 70B of the Information Technology Act, 2000.
  • The Central Government has taken steps to spread awareness on cybercrime, issue cyber-related alerts/ advisories, capacity building/ training of law enforcement officers/ judges/ prosecutors, improving cyber forensics facilities etc. to prevent cybercrime and expedite investigations.
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