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Prelims Syllabus : Science and Tech Mains Syllabus : GS-III Technology, Economic Development, Environment

Why in News:

  • Supersonic cruise missile BrahMos was test fired from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur in Odisha.
  • Anti-ship version of the missile launched by complex-3 of the ITR, Defence Research and Development (DRDO) sources.
  • World’s fastest supersonic cruise missile with high rate of accuracy
    Missile is fired from land, sea and air.
  • The missile with a strike range of around 290 km is a strategic asset for India which act as a deterrence against any possible threats from China and Pakistan.
  • BrahMos is a joint venture between the DRDO and the NPOM (a Russian military technology firm) of Russia.
  • BrahMos operationalised in the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force.
  • Senior defence officials and scientists from DRDO and BrahMos witnessed the trial.

Background:

  • Origin and history of Brahmos
  • It brings a supersonic speed when it is separated. At the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase.
  • Stealth technology and guidance system with advanced embedded software provides the missile an extraordinary performance
  • Type: Cruise missile; Air-launched cruise missile. Variants: Ship-launched; Surface-launched.
  • Manufacturer: BrahMos Aerospace Limited
  • Place of origin: India / Russia
  • About Brahmos
  • Speed: Mach 2.8–Mach 3
  • Unit cost: US$2.73 million
  • Place of origin: India / Russia
  • Manufacturer: BrahMos Aerospace Limited
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