INDIAN NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR COOPERATION WITH UNESCO (INCCU)
01, Feb 2020
Prelims level : Regulatory Bodies Mains level : GS-II Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector or Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Why in News?
- Union HRD Minister chairs a meeting of the Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO in New Delhi.
- The INCCU is a governmental body formed by the Government of India which functions under the Department of Secondary and Higher Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- The objective of the Commission is to advise the Government in matters relating to the UNESCO.
- India has been a member of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO), a specialized agency of the United Nations since its inception in 1946.
- The Constitution of the UNESCO mandates each member to form a national commission to function as agencies of liaison between the national government and UNESCO.
- Accordingly, an interim Indian National Commission for Co-operation with UNESCO was set up in 1949 by the Government of India, Ministry of Education.
- A permanent Commission was established in 1951.
Functions of the INCCU:
- To promote understanding of the objects and purposes of UNESCO among the people of the Republic of India;
- To serve as a liaison agency between the Government of India and the institutions concerned with the working for the advancement of education, science and culture;
- To cooperate with the Government departments and with services, organizations and institutions concerned with questions within UNESCO’s competence;
- To encourage participation of national, governmental and non-governmental institutions and various individuals in the formulations and execution of UNESCO’s programmes so as
- to secure for UNESCO all the intellectual, scientific, artistic or administrative assistance that it may require;
- To collaborate with the National Commissions of Asia and the Pacific and with UNESCO’s Regional Offices and centres in fostering regional, sub-regional and bilateral cooperation in education, the sciences, culture and information, particularly through the joint formulation and execution of programmes;
- To disseminate information on the objectives, programme and activities of UNESCO and endeavour to arouse public interest in them; and
- To advise the Government of India on matters relating to UNESCO.
India and UNESCO:
- India is among the founding members of UNESCO and has been playing a very active role in promoting UNESCO’s ideals and objectives.
- UNESCO’s Executive Board examines the programme of work for the Organization and corresponding budget estimates submitted to it by the Director-General.
- It consists of 58 Member States, each with a four-year term of office.
- India was one of the six elected Vice-Chairpersons for 2012-2013.
- India was re-elected as a Member of the Executive Board for 2014-17 in the election held in the 37th General Conference in November 2013.
- India has established an office of Permanent Delegation at UNESCO, Paris.
- Since 2013, India’s contribution is 0.666 percent of the total budget of UNESCO.