INDIA’S CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS UP 5%
27, Mar 2019
Prelims level : Environment & Biodiversity – Pollution Control / Climate Change Mains level : GS III - Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
- India emitted 2,299 million tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2018, a 4.8% rise from last year, according to a report by the International Energy Agency (IEA). India’s emissions growth this year was higher than that of the United States and China — the two biggest emitters in the world — and this was primarily due to a rise in coal consumption.together accounted for nearly 70% of the rise in energy demand.
- India’s per capita emissions were about 40% of the global average and contributed 7% to the global carbon dioxide burden. The United States, the largest emitter, was responsible for 14%.
- As per its commitments to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, India has promised to reduce the emissions intensity of its economy by 2030, compared to 2005 levels
- It has also committed to having 40% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030 and, as part of this, install 100 GW of solar power by 2022
- However, the IEA report, showed that India’s energy intensity improvement declined 3% from last year even as its renewable energy installations increased 6% from last year.
- Global energy consumption in 2018 increased at nearly twice the average rate of growth since 2010, driven by a robust global economy and higher heating and cooling needs in some parts of theWorld
- The United States had the largest increase in oil and gas demand worldwide. Gas consumption jumped 10% from the previous year, the fastest increase since the beginning of IEA records in 1971
- India needs at least $2.5trillion (Rs. 150 trillion ) to implement its climate pledge, around 71% of the combined required spending for all developing country pledges.
International Energy Agency (IEA)
- Autonomous intergovernmentalorganization
- Established in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oilcrisis
- The IEA was initially dedicated to responding to physical disruptions in the supply of oil, as well as serving as an information source on statistics about the international oil market and other energy sectors.
- TheIEAactsasapolicyadvisertoitsmemberstates,butalsoworkswithnon-member countries, especially China, India, andRussia
- India has become an associate member ofIEA.
- Presently it has 30 member countries includingIndia.
- The Agency’s mandate has broadened to focus on the “3Es” of effectual energy policy:
- Energy security,
- Economic development, and
- Environmental protection
- TheIEAhasabroadroleinpromotingalternateenergysources(includingrenewable energy), rational energy policies, and multinational energy technology co-operation
- Global Energy & Co2 Status
- Tracking Energy Transitions
- World Energy Outlook