India’s first carbon-positive settlement

GS 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Why in News?

Phayeng, a small village in Imphal West district of, Manipur has developed itself as India’s first carbon-positive settlement.


  • Phayeng is a scheduled caste village of the Chakpa community in Imphal West district and its conservation efforts are mainly linked to the belief that the forest is a sacred grove.
  • The transformation of the village from the dry and denuded village in the 1970s and 80s was funded under the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC).
  • A village is given the carbon-positive tag if it sequesters more carbon than it emits, slowing the accumulation of greenhouse gases and mitigating the effects of climate change

Measures taken:

  • The hunting is completely banned in the village except once a year when a deer is usually killed as sacrifice to the “forest gods”.
  • Restriction on outsiders’ entry into the forest without permission
  • Forest fires are carefully monitored
  • Only dry twigs are extracted for firewood
  • The entire 200 acres is patrolled by at least six people every day.


  • The National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) is a Central Sector Scheme which was set up in the year 2015-16.
  • The aim of NAFCC is to support concrete adaptation activities which mitigate the adverse effects of climate change.
  • The activities under this scheme are implemented in a project mode. The projects related to adaptation in sectors such as agriculture, animal husbandry, water, forestry, tourism, etc. are eligible for funding under NAFCC.
  • National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) is the National Implementing Entity (NIE).
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