Why in News?
- The 5th Scorpene class submarine of Project-75 named INS ‘Vagir’ has recently been delivered to the Indian Navy today.
- The first Vagir, a submarine from Russia, was commissioned into the Indian Navy on 3rd December 1973 and was decommissioned on 7th June 2001 after almost three decades of service to the nation.
- Public shipbuilder Mazagon Dock Ltd (MDL) gave a new incarnation to the submarine with the same name.
- It is a Kalvari class diesel-electric attack submarine, Yard 11879, which when commissioned will be christened INS Vagir
- It Is named after the Sand Fish, a deadly deep-sea predator of the Indian Ocean.
- It is a part of the six Kalvari-class submarines being built in India.
- The Kalvari-class submarines have the capability of operating in a wide range of Naval combat including anti-warship and anti-submarine operations, intelligence gathering and surveillance, and naval mine laying.
- The state-of-art technology used in the submarine has ensured:
- Superior stealth features such as advanced acoustic absorption techniques, low radiated noise levels, and hydro-dynamically optimised shape.
- The ability to attack the enemy using precision guided weapons.
- The submarine is designed to operate in all theatres of operation, showcasing interoperability with other components of a Naval Task Force.
- It can launch attacks with both torpedoes and tube launched anti-ship missiles, whilst underwater or on surface.
- It can undertake multifarious types of missions i.e Anti-Surface warfare, Anti-Submarine warfare, Intelligence gathering, Mine Laying, Area Surveillance, etc