INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES (ICD)
Why in news?
- The World Health Organization has for the first time recognised “burn-out” in its International Classification of Diseases (ICD), which is widely used as a benchmark for diagnosis and health insurers.
- It could help put to rest decades of debate among experts over how to define burnout, and whether it should be considered a medical condition.
- WHO defines burn-out as “a syndrome conceptualised as resulting from chronic
workplace stress that has not been successfully managed.”
- The syndrome is characterised by three dimensions:
- Feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion
- Increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to
- Reduced professional efficacy.
- The ICD is the global health information standard for mortality and morbidity statistics.
- WHO was entrusted with the ICD at its creation in 1948.
- ICD is increasingly used in clinical care and research to define diseases and study disease patterns, as well as manage health care, monitor outcomes and allocate resources.
- More than 100 countries use the system to report mortality data, a primary indicator of health status. This system helps to monitor death and disease rates worldwide and measure progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.
- About 70% of the world’s health expenditures (USD $ 3.5 billion) are allocated using ICD for reimbursement and resource allocation.
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