Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) report by UN Organisations

Prelims level : Environment Mains level : GS- III: Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment
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  • Almost 2/3rd of the global population which stopped defecating openly between 2000 and 2017 has been from India.
  • However there has been no growth in the population with access to piped water facilities. Large inequalities remain between urban and rural areas.
  • Increase in population (with access to protected drinking water facilities within 30 metres) from 79% in 2000 to 93% in 2017.
  • In rural India only 32% have access to piped water, in urban areas it is 68%.
  • The South Asian region, accounted for almost three-fourths of the population who stopped defecating in open between 2000 and 2017.
  • Only 30% of the country’s wastewater is treated at plants, in comparison to 80% global average.

What is JMP?

  • The Joint WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme is affiliated to UN- Water and was Established in 1990.
  • The JMP’s objectives are to provide regular global reports on drinking-water and sanitation coverage to facilitate sector planning and management, to support countries in their efforts to improve their monitoring systems, and to provide information for advocacy.
  • For  the  Sustainable  Development  Goals,  the  JMP  uses  its  25  years  of  experience,  and focuses  on  drinking  water,  sanitation  and  hygiene.  The  Joint  Monitoring  Programme report, Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and Sustainable Development  Goal  baselines,  presents  the  first  global  assessment  of  “safely  managed” drinking   water   and   sanitation   services.   JMP   is   part   of   the   UN-Water   Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6, reporting on progress towards SDG targets 6.1 and 6.2.
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