KARTARPUR CORRIDOR

Prelims level : Nil Mains level : GS II – International Relations
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Why in news:

  • Pakistan government has approved a proposal to establish corridor which would allow pilgrims from India in the region of Pakistan occupied Kashmir. India has concerns regarding safety and security of pilgrims and misuse of corridor for anti-India activities.

What is Kartarpur Corridor:

  • It is a road link that will connect Dera Baba Nanak in Punjab to Kartarpur Sahib
  • Gurudwara on the banks of ravi river, in Pakistan Punjab.
  • The corridor will intend to allow religious devotees from India to visit Gurudwara in Kartarpur, without a visa.

Background:

  • Kartarpur corridor was first proposed by Prime ministers of India and Pakistan, Atal bihari Vajpaye and Nawaz sharif, respectively, as part of the Delhi–Lahore Bus diplomacy in early 1999.
  • The prime minister of India, compared the decision to go ahead with the corridor by the two countries to the fall of the Berlin Wall, saying that the project may help in easing tensions between the two countries.
  • India cited concerns and its stand on demand for a lifting the cap on the number of pilgrims and a waiver of the proposed fee as conditions.
  • The corridor was initially intended to be completed before the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev in November 2019.

Radcliffe line:

  • Radcliffe Line was drawn up by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, demarcating the boundary between India and Pakistan.
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