Why in News?
- Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Council, the upper house of the Assembly, has been abolished as per Section 57 of the J&K Reorganisation Bill, 2019, which reduced the State to the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh.
About Legislative Council of J&K:
- The Council in J&K consists of 36 members, most of them were elected in an indirect manner and some of them were nominated by the Governor. This council also used to be a part of the electoral college for the Rajya Sabha elections.
- J & K council was created as per the J & K constitution and Part VI of Indian constitution was not applicable to Jammu & Kashmir.
- The first Legislature was established by the government of the then-Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh, in 1934.
- In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly and the Parliament of India passed the Legislative Councils Act.
- These two pieces of legislation created a bicameral legislature for Jammu and Kashmir.
- Revoking Art. 370
1.The government of India revoked Article 370 and the special status of Kashmir.
2.Now Jammu & Kashmir will be a Union Territory with a legislature while Ladakh will be a Union Territory without legislature.
3.Special features like a separate constitution, separate flag, and separate status will no more have effect after repealing Article 370.
- Article 35A scrapped
1.With the removal of Article 370, Article 35A will be also scrapped.
2.Now, people from other states may also buy or purchase land and settle there.
- Bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir
1.Jammu and Kashmir will be “reorganized” and will no longer be a state.
2.Ladakh will be a Union Territory without an assembly and Jammu and Kashmir will be a Union Territory with an assembly, under recommendation.
3.There will be two Lieutenant Governors when this provision will come into the Force.