Why in News?
- Recently, There is concern in Tamil Nadu over a possible exodus of migrant workers after videos showed purported attacks on Hindi-speaking men
- The report released by Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation in June 2022, collated numbers for temporary visitors and migrants.
- 7% of the country’s population was recorded as a ‘temporary visitor’ during the July 2020-June 2021 period.
- Temporary visitors were defined as those who arrived in households after March 2020 and stayed continuously for a period of 15 days or more but less than 6 months.
- Over 84% of these 0.7% temporary visitors moved places due to pandemic.
- The all-India migration rate was 28.9% for July 2020-June 2021, with a 26.5 % migration rate in rural areas and 34.9% in urban areas.
- Females recorded a higher share of migration rate of 47.9%; 48% in rural and 47.8% in urban areas.
- Migration rate for males was 10.7%, with 5.9% in rural and 22.5% in urban areas.
- 8% females migrated for marriage while 49.6% of the males migrated in search of employment.
- Migration fills gaps in demand for and supply of labor, efficiently allocates skilled labor, unskilled labor, and cheap labor.
- Migration enhances the knowledge and skills of migrants through exposure and interaction with the outside world.