MQC Ecological Succession 1

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1. Consider the following statements with respect to the ‘Ecological Footprint’:

  1. 1. The Ecological Footprint measures the capability of a country to meet its emission targets based on the available forest cover and environmental related policy framework.
  2. 2. The Ecological Footprint represents the productive area required to provide the renewable resources humanity is using and to absorb its waste.
  3. 3. The productive area occupied by human infrastructure is not included in calculation as it does not depict energy resources.
  4. 4. India has the largest ecological footprint in the world followed by US and China.
  5. Which of the above given statements are incorrect?


2. Consider the following statements regarding succession in a terrestrial areas with low moisture:

  1. 1. First it is colonized by lower plant like mosses.
  2. 2. Mosses are followed by lichens.
  3. 3. Lichens and mosses, which get established on barren rock together, are the pioneer species forming the pioneer community.
  4. Which of the above statements is/are correct?


3. Which of the following terms associated with the Ecosystem is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1. Net primary productivity of an ecosystem is the rate of production of organic matter during photosynthesis.
  2. 2. Catabolism is when Bacterial and fungal enzymes degrade detritus into simpler inorganic substances.
  3. 3. Secondary productivity is defined as the rate of formation of new organic matter by consumers.
  4. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


4. Consider the following statements in regard to ecological pyramids:

  1. 1. Pyramid of energy is both upright and inverted depending upon the ecosystem.
  2. 2. Pyramid of biomass is upright for terrestrial habitats.
  3. Which of the above statements is/are true?


5. Which of the following is/are the examples of competition among species?

  1. 1. Algae and Lichens in Tundra region.
  2. 2. Cheetah and Lions in Savannah forest.
  3. 3. Ticks over the body of cattle.
  4. Codes:


6. Which among the following can be considered as example of loss of ecological footprint?

  1. 1. Loss of livelihood of fishermen.
  2. 2. Damage to fish, turtles, crabs among other marine animals.
  3. 3. Consumers’ reluctance to buy sea food.
  4. 4. Environmental damage to coastal areas.
  5. Codes:


7. Which of the following depict the Behavioral adaptations done by plants and animals?

  1. 1. Being primarily active at night rather than during daylight hours.
  2. 2. Having striped fur for camouflage.
  3. 3. Living underground to get protection from roaming predator.
  4. 4. Prevention of water loss from body (plants and animals) by reducing surface area.
  5. Codes:


8. Which of the following statements is/are true about secondary succession?

  1. 1. It gets developed after an existing community gets destroyed completely.
  2. 2. Pace of secondary succession is much faster than that of primary succession.
  3. Codes:


9. Which of the following statements is/are correct related to the Amensalism?


10. Which of the following statements is/are true about Ecological Succession?

  1. 1. It is the process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time.
  2. 2. In this climax community is succeeded by the pioneer community.
  3. 3. It is characterized by increased niche development and complexity of food webs.
  4. Codes:


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