National Commission for Women
18, Dec 2018
Prelims level : Statutory bodies Mains level : GS 2: Role of Statutory bodies
- The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt. of India ) to :
- Review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women
- Recommend remedial legislative measures
- Facilitate redressal of grievances and
- Advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
- The objective of the NCW is to represent the rights of women in India and to provide a voice for their issues and concerns. The subjects of their campaigns have included dowry, politics, religion, equal representation for women in jobs, and the exploitation of women for labour. They have also discussed police abuses against women.
- The commission regularly publishes a monthly newsletter, Rashtra Mahila, in both Hindi and English.
Global Compact for Migration:
- The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is an intergovernmentally negotiated agreement, prepared under the auspices of the United Nations that covers “all dimensions of international migration in a holistic and comprehensive manner”.
- At the Intergovermental Conference to Adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, which was held from 10–11 December 2018, 164 nations met under the auspices of the United Nations General Assembly at Marrakesh, Morocco, in order to formally agree upon the Compact.
- As the Compact is not an international treaty, it will be non-binding under international law. However, as with similar United Nations agreements, it will formally be a politically binding commitment.
- Under this declaration, signatory UN member countries had decided to develop global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration.
- The purpose of Global compact of migration is to provide significant opportunity to improve governance on migration, address challenges associated with today’s migration, and strengthen contribution of migrants and migration to sustainable development.
- It sets out 23 objectives to deal issues ranging from factors that compel people to move, legal channels for migration, combating trafficking and smuggling, harnessing the economic benefits of migration and return of the migrants.