NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COASTAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND RESILIENCE
28, Feb 2020
Prelims level : Environment - National Conservation & Mitigation Mains level : GS-III Disaster and Disaster Management.
Why in News?
- Union Minister of State for Home Affairs presided over the valedictory session of the 1st ‘National Conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience (CDRR&R) – 2020’, organised by the National Institute of Disaster Management in New Delhi recently.
- The one-day conference focussed on enhancing human capacity in terms of better understanding about coastal disaster risks.
- It aimed at taking effective collaborative actions, by implementing Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, for reducing the risk and enhancing the resilience amongst the affected stakeholders.
- It emphasised on dissemination of information related to national and local strategies for coastal disaster risk reduction and resilience.
- To enhance the understanding of the issues and solutions on various facets for coastal disaster risk reduction and resilience.
- To explore and debate the most recent advances in the discipline.
- To develop a network mode roadmap for addressing the gaps by engaging with the institutions, researchers and experts.
Prime Minister’s 10-point Agenda:
The Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda on DRR is:
- All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
- Work towards risk coverage for all– starting from poor households to SMEs to multi-national corporations to nation states.
- Encourage greater involvement and leadership of women in disaster risk management.
- Invest in risk mapping globally.
- Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of our disaster risk management efforts.
- Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.
- Utilise the opportunities provided by social media and mobile technologies.
- Build on local capacity and initiative.
- Opportunity to learn from a disaster must not be wasted.
- Bring about greater cohesion in international response to disasters.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030:
- It is a global agreement to reduce and prevent disaster risks across the globe.
- It was adopted at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, in Sendai, Japan in March 2015.
- The non-legally binding agreement highlights the need for good governance in disaster risk reduction at the local, national, regional and global level.
- It aims to strengthen social and economic resilience to ease the negative effects of climate change, man-made disasters, and natural hazards.
- For the first time the goals are defined in terms of outcome-based targets instead of focusing on sets of activities and actions.
- It places governments at the centre of disaster risk reduction with the framework emphasizing the need to strengthen the disaster risk governance.
- It places almost equal importance on all kinds of disasters and not only on those arising from natural hazards.
- Implementation of integrated environmental and natural resource management approaches is needed for disaster reduction.
The Four Priorities for Action:
- Priority 1:Understanding Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure, hazard characteristics and the environment.
- Priority 2:To manage Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels.
- Priority 3:Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience.
- Priority 4: Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to build better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.