Prelims level : Environment - National Conservation & Mitigation Mains level : GS-III Disaster and Disaster Management.
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Why in News?

  • Union Minister of State for Home Affairs presided over the valedictory session of the 1st ‘National Conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience (CDRR&R) – 2020’, organised by the National Institute of Disaster Management in New Delhi recently.


  • The one-day conference focussed on enhancing human capacity in terms of better understanding about coastal disaster risks.
  • It aimed at taking effective collaborative actions, by implementing Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, for reducing the risk and enhancing the resilience amongst the affected stakeholders.
  • It emphasised on dissemination of information related to national and local strategies for coastal disaster risk reduction and resilience.


  • To enhance the understanding of the issues and solutions on various facets for coastal disaster risk reduction and resilience.
  • To explore and debate the most recent advances in the discipline.
  • To develop a network mode roadmap for addressing the gaps by engaging with the institutions, researchers and experts.

Prime Minister’s 10-point Agenda:

The Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda on DRR is:

  • All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
  • Work towards risk coverage for all– starting from poor households to SMEs to multi-national corporations to nation states.
  • Encourage greater involvement and leadership of women in disaster risk management.
  • Invest in risk mapping globally.
  • Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of our disaster risk management efforts.
  • Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.
  • Utilise the opportunities provided by social media and mobile technologies.
  • Build on local capacity and initiative.
  • Opportunity to learn from a disaster must not be wasted.
  • Bring about greater cohesion in international response to disasters.

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030:

  • It is a global agreement to reduce and prevent disaster risks across the globe.
  • It was adopted at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, in Sendai, Japan in March 2015.

  • The non-legally binding agreement highlights the need for good governance in disaster risk reduction at the local, national, regional and global level.
  • It aims to strengthen social and economic resilience to ease the negative effects of climate change, man-made disasters, and natural hazards.
  • For the first time the goals are defined in terms of outcome-based targets instead of focusing on sets of activities and actions.
  • It places governments at the centre of disaster risk reduction with the framework emphasizing the need to strengthen the disaster risk governance.
  • It places almost equal importance on all kinds of disasters and not only on those arising from natural hazards.
  • Implementation of integrated environmental and natural resource management approaches is needed for disaster reduction.

The Four Priorities for Action:

  • Priority 1:Understanding Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure, hazard characteristics and the environment.
  • Priority 2:To manage Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels.
  • Priority 3:Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience.
  • Priority 4: Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to build better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
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