Multiparty rule is good, neither a threat to democracy? Elaborate the statement with respect to prevalence of coalition politics in the country

Structure of the answer:

  • Introduction (Background; discussing the current situations of elections in India).
  • What is coalition government in India?
  • Impact on Indian politics.
  • Also explain about the how many times coalition politics helps to overcome the dictatorship of the majoritarian politics.

Key points:

  • A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition.
  • The first coalition government in India was formed in 1977.
  • Background: In 1975, due to a number of reasons, both judicial and political, the then Prime Minister ofIndia, Mrs. Indira Gandhi had imposed an internal Emergency in the country. During this time, India stopped being a democratic country.
  • Reason: A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. The usual reason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament.
  • The states of India with coalition Government are Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar, Nagaland, Maharashtra, and Puducherry. In 2015, alliance of two main parties BJP and PDP formed a coalition government in J&K.
  • Role of coalition government: Coalition government, in a parliamentary government, body of advisors that is formed when different political parties choose to cooperate in the administration and regulation of a country or community. Members of all parties in a coalition government are appointed to a cabinet.
  • Impact: In a Parliamentary democracy, coalitions arise mainly as a result of political compulsion. It may also be formed due to emergency. The policies that are adopted by the coalition government are made by the coalescing parties and merely finalized by the leader of the coalition.
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