Prelims level : Polity & Governance Mains level : Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations
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Why in News:

  • A commission appointed in 2017 to examine the sub-categorisation of the Other Backward Classes (OBC) has been given a two-month extension by President Ram Nath Kovind


  • The commission had been constituted to “examine the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among the castes or communities included in the broad category of Other Backward Classes with reference to such classes included in the Central List.
  • The commission was meant to “work out the mechanism, criteria, norms and parameters in a scientific approach for sub-categorisation within such OBCs and to take up the exercise of identifying the respective castes or communities or sub-castes or synonyms in the Central List of OBCs and classifying them into their respective sub-categories”
  • The commission, was supposed to present its report to the President in 12 weeks from the time the chairperson assumed charge.
    Since considerable time was taken up in obtaining the data and thereafter in analysing of the data, the tenure of the Commission has been extended.

National Commission for Backward Classes

  • National Commission for Backward Classes is a Constitutional body set up through the 123rd constitutional amendment bill 2018 and 102nd amendment act under the provisions of Article 338B of Indian Constitution.
  • The commission consists of one chairman and five Members with the term of three years. The National Commission for Backward Classes is vested with the responsibility of considering inclusions in and exclusions from lists of communities notified as backward for the purpose of job reservations.
  • The commission tenders the needful advice to the Central Government on the issues related to the backward classes and the commission has the powers of a civil court
  • The NCBC was given limited powers – only to recommend to the government inclusion or exclusion of a community in the central list of OBCs.
  • The power to hear complaints of the OBCs and protect their interests remained with the National Commission for Scheduled Castes
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