PAKISTAN INDIA EXCHANGE LIST OF NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS
02, Jan 2019
Prelims level : “India bilateral cooperation.” Mains level : GS- “India and neighbourhood relations.”
- India and Pakistan have exchanged list of their nuclear installations and facilities with each other under the Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations.
- This is the 27th consecutive exchange of such list between two countries after first list was exchanged on 1 January 1992.
- This is an annual exchange of conducted in 1st January between them to prevent them from attacking each other’s nuclear facilities. The exchange is part of an agreement between the two nuclear-armed neighbours meant to prevent attacks on nuclear facilities by each other.
Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations:
- It is a bilateral agreement signed between India and Pakistan that bars them from carrying out any surprise attack (or to assist foreign power to attack) on each other’s nuclear installations and facilities.
- It was signed on 31st December 1988 and entered into force on 27 January 1991. It was signed by then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and his Pakistani counterpart Benazir Bhutto.
- Under it, both countries inform each other about their nuclear installations and facilities that need to be covered under the Agreement on 1 January every year.
- India, Pakistan exchange lists of civilian prisoners & fishermen in their custodies.
- India and Pakistan exchanged the lists of civilian prisoners and fishermen in their custody. The lists were exchanged through diplomatic channels simultaneously at New Delhi and Islamabad.
- India handed over lists of 249 Pakistan civilian prisoners and 98 fishermen in its custody.
- Pakistan has shared lists of 54 civilian prisoners and 483 fishermen in its custody, who are Indians or believed-to-be-Indians.
- The move is in keeping with the provisions of the 2008 Agreement under which such lists are exchanged on 1st January and 1st July, every year.