Prelims Syllabus : Polity and Governance - Election & Electoral Reforms Mains Syllabus : GS-II Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
Why in News?
- The Election Commission of India has joined hands with Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IIT-M) to prepare an model of Aadhaar-linked electronic voting system.
- This new system will enable electors to cast their votes from any part of the country or even from abroad — irrespective of where they are registered to vote in the country.
About the New electronic voting system:
- Characteristics of the new technology
- A system for two-way remote votingin controlled environment using blockchain technology.
- If the technology is approved, will it be implemented automatically?
- If the project is given the go-ahead by the EC, election laws will have to be changed.
- Has EC used this kind of voting before?
- The ECI had used a one-way electronic system for service electors for the first time in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
What is One Way and Two Way Polling?
- One Way Polling:
- One-way transmission for service voters involves sending a blank postal ballot electronically to the voter. The ballot paper is downloaded, ballot cast and then sent via normal postal service to the returning officer for counting.
- Two Way Polling:
- Two-way electronic transmission of vote envisages that a registered voter from any location in India, once his identity is well authenticated will be able to cast his vote electronically through a secure encrypted system and the same will reach the designated returning officer for counting.
Significance of the New System:
- The new system enables migrants to vote from their place of residency, which saves them the time of travelling to their registered constituency and financial costs encountered.
- This model will help in increased turnout for voting, which reflects true representation of the Elected Candidate.