Prelim Snippets 28-08-2019

1. Sex Reassignment Surgery

Context: Tamil Nadu has banned sex reassignment surgeries in children

  • Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS), also known as Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) and several other names, is a surgical procedure (or procedures) by which a person’s physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender.
  • It is part of a treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people.

2. Peacock Parachute Spider or Gooty Tarantula

Context: Researchers have sighted Peacock Parachute Spider (Gooty Tarantula) for the first time beyond its known habitat in the Eastern Ghats.

  • The species specie is endemic to India.
  • It’s known habitat is in Eastern Ghats, in degraded forests near Nandyal in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Now researchers have sighted it for the first time beyond Eastern Ghats in the Pakkamalai Reserve Forests near Gingee in Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu.
  • Scientific Name: Poecilotheria metallica
  • Common Name: Peacock Parachute Spider; Gooty Tarantula.
  • The spider belongs to the genus Poecilotheria.
  • IUCN Status: Critically endangered.

3. C-Sat-Fi Technology

Context: The Government has reiterated its commitment in providing Wi-Fi in all the villages through GramNet with high speed connectivity using C-Sat-Fi Technology.

  • C-Sat-Fi is based on the optimal utilization of wireless and satellite communication to extend connectivity to the unserved areas including the remote islands and difficult terrains.
  • Besides offering the ease of deployment, the solution is ideally suited to addressing disasters and emergencies when no other means of communication are available.
  • This cost-effective solution does not require expensive Satellite Phones and can work on any WiFi-enabled phone.

4. Smooth-Coated Otter

Context: CITES votes to ban trade in endangered otters

  • The Smooth-coated Otter is distributed throughout South Asia And South-East Asia.
  • Its distribution is continuous from Indonesia, through south-east Asia, and westwards from southern China to India and Pakistan, with an isolated sub population in Iraq.
  • Members at the CITES CoP 18 Conference have voted to move the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) from CITES Appendix II to CITES Appendix I “because it is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction and is detrimentally affected by international trade, as well as habitat loss and degradation and persecution associated with conflict with people (and fisheries)”.
  • IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • The otters are protected in India under Schedule II of The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
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