1. Sex Reassignment Surgery
Context: Tamil Nadu has banned sex reassignment surgeries in children
- Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS), also known as Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) and several other names, is a surgical procedure (or procedures) by which a person’s physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender.
- It is part of a treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people.
2. Peacock Parachute Spider or Gooty Tarantula
Context: Researchers have sighted Peacock Parachute Spider (Gooty Tarantula) for the first time beyond its known habitat in the Eastern Ghats.
- The species specie is endemic to India.
- It’s known habitat is in Eastern Ghats, in degraded forests near Nandyal in Andhra Pradesh.
- Now researchers have sighted it for the first time beyond Eastern Ghats in the Pakkamalai Reserve Forests near Gingee in Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu.
- Scientific Name: Poecilotheria metallica
- Common Name: Peacock Parachute Spider; Gooty Tarantula.
- The spider belongs to the genus Poecilotheria.
- IUCN Status: Critically endangered.
3. C-Sat-Fi Technology
Context: The Government has reiterated its commitment in providing Wi-Fi in all the villages through GramNet with high speed connectivity using C-Sat-Fi Technology.
- C-Sat-Fi is based on the optimal utilization of wireless and satellite communication to extend connectivity to the unserved areas including the remote islands and difficult terrains.
- Besides offering the ease of deployment, the solution is ideally suited to addressing disasters and emergencies when no other means of communication are available.
- This cost-effective solution does not require expensive Satellite Phones and can work on any WiFi-enabled phone.
4. Smooth-Coated Otter
Context: CITES votes to ban trade in endangered otters
- The Smooth-coated Otter is distributed throughout South Asia And South-East Asia.
- Its distribution is continuous from Indonesia, through south-east Asia, and westwards from southern China to India and Pakistan, with an isolated sub population in Iraq.
- Members at the CITES CoP 18 Conference have voted to move the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) from CITES Appendix II to CITES Appendix I “because it is considered to be facing a high risk of extinction and is detrimentally affected by international trade, as well as habitat loss and degradation and persecution associated with conflict with people (and fisheries)”.
- IUCN Status: Vulnerable
- The otters are protected in India under Schedule II of The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.