PRELIMS SNIPPETS – November 15th 2022
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU)
Why in News?
- Recently, Indian Navy vessels monitored more than 200 Chinese fishing vessels in the Indian Ocean, despite growing Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing beyond the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
- Most of the illegal activity is found in the Northern Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
- International Day for the Fight against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing is organized every year on 5th June.
- IUU fishing is a broad term that captures a wide variety of fishing activity.
- IUU fishing is found in all types and dimensions of fisheries; it occurs both on the high seas and in areas within national jurisdiction.
- It concerns all aspects and stages of the capture and utilisation of fish, and it may sometimes be associated with organized crime.
- IUU fishing undermines national and regional efforts to conserve and manage fish stocks and, as a consequence, inhibits progress towards achieving the goals of long-term sustainability and responsibility.
- India is the second largest fish producing country in the world accounting for 7.56% of global production and contributing about 1.24% to the country’s Gross Value Added (GVA) and over 7.28% to the agricultural GVA.
- India aims to achieve a target of producing 22 million metric tonnes of fish by 2024-25.
- The sector is recognized as a powerful engine for providing employment to 14.5 million people and sustaining livelihood for the 28 million fishermen community of the country.