PRELIMS SNIPPETS – November 22nd 2022

Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022

Why in News?

  • Recently, The Union Government has released a revised personal data protection bill, now called the Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022


  • The Bill has been introduced after 3 months of the withdrawal of the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.
  • Firstly, usage of personal data by organisations must be done in a manner that is lawful, fair to the individuals concerned and transparent to individuals.
  • Secondly, personal data must only be used for the purposes for which it was collected.
  • The third principle talks of data minimisation.
  • The fourth principle puts an emphasis on data accuracy when it comes to collection.
  • The fifth principle talks of how personal data that is collected cannot be “stored perpetually by default” and storage should be limited to a fixed duration.
  • The sixth principle says that there should be reasonable safeguards to ensure there is “no unauthorized collection or processing of personal data”.
  • Seventh principle states that “the person who decides the purpose and means of the processing of personal data should be accountable for such processing”.
  • Data Principal refers to the individual whose data is being collected.
  • In the case of children (<18 years), their parents/lawful guardians will be considered their “Data Principals”.
  • Data Fiduciary is the entity (individual, company, firm, state etc), which decides the “purpose and means of the processing of an individual’s personal data”.
  • Personal Data is “any data by which an individual can be identified”.
  • Processing means “the entire cycle of operations that can be carried out in respect of personal data”.
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