PRELIMS SNIPPETS – November 23rd 2022
Olive Ridley Turtles
Why in News?
- Pairs of Olive Ridley Sea turtles have recently begun emerging on the sea waters off Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary along the Odisha coast, marking the commencement of the annual mass nesting of these endangered marine species.
- The Olive ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world.
- These turtles are carnivores and get their name from their olive-coloured carapace.
- They are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs.
- They are found in warm waters of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans.
- The Odisha’s Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary is known as the world’s largest rookery (colony of breeding animals) of sea turtles.
- Its Protection Status Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule 1, IUCN Red List: Vulnerable and CITES: Appendix I
- They are extensively poached for their meat, shell and leather, and eggs.
- An ever-increasing debris of plastics, fishing nets, discarded nets, polythene and other garbage dumped by tourists and fishing workers threaten all sea turtles and degrades their habitats.