Private Members Bill
10, Dec 2022
Prelims level : Parliament Mains level : GS-II Indian Constitution- Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
Why in News?
- The introduction of a private member bill by a BJP member on implementation of Uniform Civil Code (UCC) across the country witnessed vociferous protest from the Opposition members in Rajya Sabha recently.
Who is a Private Member?
- Any MP who is not a Minister is referred to as a private member.
- The purpose of private member’s bill is to draw the government’s attention to what individual MPs see as issues and gaps in the existing legal framework, which require legislative intervention.
Admissibility of a private member’s Bill:
- The admissibility is decided by the Chairman for Rajya Sabha and Speaker in the case of Lok Sabha.
- Its rejection by the House has no implication on the parliamentary confidence in the government or its resignation.
- The procedure is roughly the same for both Houses:
- The Member must give at least a month’s notice before the Bill can be listed for introduction.
- The House secretariat examines it for compliance with constitutional provisions and rules on legislation before listing.
Is there any exception?
- While government Bills can be introduced and discussed on any day, private member’s Bills can be introduced and discussed only on Fridays.
Has a private member’s bill ever become a law?
- As per PRS Legislative, no private member’s Bill has been passed by Parliament since 1970. To date, Parliament has passed 14 such Bills, six of them in 1956. In the 14th Lok Sabha, of the over 300 private member’s Bills introduced, roughly four per cent were discussed, the remaining 96 per cent lapsed without a single dialogue.